UMF Timisoara, Romania Piaţa Eftimie Murgu Nr. 2
VICTORY SQUARE (Piata Victoriei)
Some of the city's most interesting sites are its elegant baroque buildings, spread around town and particularly along the main square, Piata Victoriei, which stretches from Opera Square (Piata Operei) to Loga Boulevard.
The focal point is the towering Romanian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral (Catedrala Ortodoxa Mitropolitana) at the south side of the square. Built between 1936 and 1946, its green and red roof tiles are arranged in a mosaic design. In front of the Cathedral is a memorial to those who lost their lives during the 1989 Revolution which overthrew Communist rule. The Memorial Museum of the 1989 Revolution (Muzeul Revolutiei) offers a full insight into the revolution in Timisoara.
Union Square (Piata Unirii) across the town centre is the picturesque Habsburg-
Nicolas Lenau College (Liceul Nicolas Lenau), located on the north side of the square, was built in 1761 and was home to the earliest theatre in Timisoara.
The baroque Serbian Orthodox Cathedral (Biserica Ortodoxa Sarba), built in 1745-
The Roman Catholic Cathedral (Catedrala Episcopala Romano-
At the northwest corner of Union Square stands the spectacular Scont Bank (Banca
de Scont). This typical Hungarian-
The impressive 18th century Baroque Palace (Palatul Vechii Prefecturi) dominates the square's south side. Formerly the governor's residence, it now houses the Museum of Fine Arts with works by German, Flemish and Italian artists.
From Union Square, walk east along Palanca street to the oldest building in Timisoara, now housing the Banat Etnographic Museum within the city's remaining 18th century bastion.
FREEDOM SQUARE (Piata Libertatii) to VICTORY SQUARE (Piata Victoriei)
Another remarkable open space in the city is Piata Libertatii which offers a great
display of Secessionist architecture. The Banat region was under Turkish rule from
1552 until 1716 when the Austrian-
Continue along Lucian Blaga street to the 14th century Huniade Castle (Castelul Huniade). Built during the rule of Carol Robert, Prince de Anjou, it was completed by Iancu of Hundeoara and redesigned by the Habsburgs in the 18th century.
South and east of the Bega Canal are the Josefin, Elisabetin and Fabric residential districts, true gems of Jugendstil, or art nouveau, architecture, built mainly in the late 19th century. The small residential square of Piata Plevnei, south of the Bega Canal, is bordered by excellent examples of the first phase of Secessionist architecture, such as Gemeinhardt's Peacock House (Casa cu Pauni) built in 1905. Facades are covered with an abundance of typical motifs: peacocks, swans, owls and squirrels together with sinuous vines and foliage. The theme continues on the buildings lining Splaiul Tudor Vladimirescu, following the south bank of the Bega, and to a lesser extent, around nearby Piata Maria and Bulevardul 16 Decembrie 1989.
Even though Jewish presence in the Banat region dates back to the 2nd century AD, the first written mention of the Jewish community in Timisoara occurred in 1716, when the Turkish army commander surrendered the town to the Austrian Prince Eugeniu of Savoia.
In the old Sephardic cemetery, graves dating to the Turkish occupation may be seen,
the oldest belonging to Azriel Assael, a Rabbi and surgeon who died in 1636. A century
latter, Rabbi Meir Amigo and four followers from Istanbul were allowed to settle
in the city. Following the implementation of citizen rights acts in the Austro-
The New Synagogue in Fabric (Sinagoga din Fabric)
One of the most beautiful buildings in Timisoara, the synagogue in the Fabric district was built in 1899 by Hungarian architect Lipot Baumhorn in a traditional Moorish style. It is currently closed for structural repairs.
Great Synagogue (Sinagoga Cetate)
Built between 1906 and 1910, this Orthodox Synagogue is the only one in service at this moment.
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